Turkish Pediatric Nurses’ Use of Non-Pharmacological Methods for Postoperative Pain Relief in 6 to 12 Year Old Children

Emine Efe1, *, Derya Özcan2, Şevkiye Dikmen2, Nuray Altaş2
1 Akdeniz University, Nursing Faculty, Antalya, Turkey
2 Akdeniz University Hospital, Pediatric Surgical Unit, Antalya, Turkey

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Creative Commons License
© 2017 Emine Efe et al.

open-access license: This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Public License (CC-BY 4.0), a copy of which is available at: ( This license permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

* Address correspondence to this author at Akdeniz University Hospital, Pediatric Surgical Unit, Antalya, Turkey; Tel: 0905337798302; E-mail:



This descriptive study was conducted for the purpose of describing the Turkish pediatric nurses’ use of non-pharmacological methods for relieving 6 to 12-year-old children’s postoperative pain.


This research was conducted with 92 pediatric nurses working at 17 university hospitals located in Turkey. Data were collected using a web based questionnaire and had to be completed electronically.


It was determined that the majority of the nurses give information about postoperative observation (79.3%), and postoperative pain (76.1%). In addition, it was determined that they have been encouraging children to ask about misconceptions (69.6%).


Based on these results, the Turkish pediatric surgical nurses used versatile non-pharmacological methods in children’s postoperative pain relief.

Keywords: Postoperative pain, Child, Pain management, Non-pharmacological methods, Nursing.