Interleukin-1β Induces Long-Term Potentiation of C-Fiber Evoked Field Potentials in Spinal dorsal Horn in Rats with Neuropathic Pain
Yi Zhong, Li-Jun Zhou, Wen-Jie Ren, Wen-jun Xin, Yong-Yong Li, Tong Zhang, Xian-Guo Liu*
Identifiers and Pagination:Year: 2009
First Page: 18
Last Page: 23
Publisher Id: TOPAINJ-2-18
Article History:Received Date: 16/12/2008
Revision Received Date: 16/01/2009
Acceptance Date: 21/01/2009
Electronic publication date: 23/2/2009
Collection year: 2009
open-access license: This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Public License (CC-BY 4.0), a copy of which is available at: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/legalcode. This license permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Proinflammatory cytokines, such as tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) and interleukin-1beta (IL-1β), impairs long-term potentiation (LTP) in hippocampus, a synaptic model of memory, while in spinal dorsal horn TNF-α is found to induce LTP of C-fiber evoked field potentials in rats with nerve injury. In the present work the role of IL-1β in the spinal LTP of C-fiber evoked field potentials, which is important for pathological pain, was investigated in both physiological and pathological conditions. We found that spinal application of IL-1β at the concentrations up to 500 ng/ml affected neither basal synaptic transmission mediated by C-fiber nor spinal LTP induced by tetanic stimulation in intact rats. In rats with neuropathic pain produced by spared nerve injury (SNI) or lumbar 5 ventral root transection (L5 VRT), however, IL- 1β at a low concentration (5 ng/ml) induced LTP of C-fiber evoked field potentials. Pretreatment with either p38 MAPK inhibitor (SB203580) or NF-κB inhibitor (PDTC) but not with JNK inhibitor (SP600125) completely blocked LTP induced by IL-1β in SNI rats. Taken together, the results indicated that exogenous IL-1β might induce spinal LTP only in rats with nerve injury but not in intact rats. The differential effects of proinflammatory cytokines on synaptic plasticity in spinal dorsal horn and in hippocampus may be clinically significant.