RESEARCH ARTICLE


Low-dosed Botulinum Toxin A in the Prophylactic Management of Unilateral Migraine: A Randomized Double-blind Placebo-Controlled Crossover Study



Wolfgang H. Jost*
Department of Neurology, Deutsche Klinik fur Diagnostik, Aukammallee 33, 65191 Wiesbaden, Germany.


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© 2011 Wolfgang H. Jost.

open-access license: This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Public License (CC-BY 4.0), a copy of which is available at: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/legalcode. This license permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

* Address correspondence to this author at the Department of Neurology, Deutsche Klinik fur Diagnostik, Aukammallee 33, 65191 Wiesbaden, Germany; Tel. 00–9–611– 577430; Fax. 00–49–611–577311; E-mail: jost.neuro@dkd-wiesbaden.de


Abstract

Botulinum toxin is a therapeutic option in chronic migraine. No dose-finding studies have been conducted so far. Some authors maintain that one injection into the corrugator muscle will do.

Objective: We studied the effect of Botulinum toxin (BTX) injections in patients with strictly unilateral migraine.Methods: We treated 22 patients (ITT) in a crossover design for 4 months with 2 x 5 units Onabotulinum toxin (in the corrugator and occipitalis muscle ipsilaterally). Aside from patient data, we also gathered information on undesired drug effects, besides IQOLA SF36, SF-MPQ SADP, OLBPDQ, VAS (pain intensity and daily living skills), PPI, frequency of attacks and application of medication. The statistical evaluation was guided by SPSS (V.13).

Results: Assessed were 19 patients (PP) aged 45.2 ± 11.1 years, thereof 17 women. In both injection intervals there were no clinically relevant and/or statistically significant differences as to the target parameters (for example: VAS pain intensity p=0.702), with a notably evident placebo effect (VAS in placebo prior to the injection was 61.4, after 6 weeks 45.1; good or excellent improvement (TOQ) was quoted by 36.8% after 6 weeks in the placebo group). BTX merely proved superior in two aspects: Regarding the pain quality ”throbbing“ (SF-MPQ SADP), 11 patients initially indicated a pronounced intensity; after BTX only 4 of them did. As to the severity of the pain felt, (PPI) 42.2 of the subjects described ”limiting“ or ”horrible“ pain prior to the injection versus 26.3% six weeks after the injection and 21.1% 4 months later. The placebo group started out with 31.6%, that figure remaining the same (31.6%) 6 weeks later, rising to 42.2% after 4 months. 84.2% of the BTX-group and 63.2% in the placebo group requested a reinjection when the study was completed.

Conclusion: The injection of low-dosed Botulinumtoxin A did not show any relevant or significant effects in patients with unilateral migraine without aura. One injection into the corrugator muscle alone must be considered as ineffective. The place-value of the two injection sites remains in the open.

Keywords: Chronic Migraine, Botulinum Toxin, Onabotulinum Toxin A, Corrugator Muscle.