Occupational Stress Levels and Coping Strategies among Nurses Working in an Urban Metropolis in North Central Nigeria

Oluwaseyi A. Akpor1, *, Victoria O. Aina1, Oghenerobor B. Akpor2
1 Department of Nursing Science, Afe Babalola University, Ado-Ekiti, PMB 5454, Ekiti State, Nigeria
2 Department of Biological Sciences, Afe Babalola University, Ado-Ekiti, PMB 5454, Ekiti State, Nigeria

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© 2023 Akporet al.

open-access license: This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Public License (CC-BY 4.0), a copy of which is available at: This license permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

* Address correspondence to this author at the Department of Nursing Science, Afe Babalola University, Ado-Ekiti, PMB 5454, Ekiti State, Nigeria; E-mail:



Stress is an important psychological concept that can affect health, well-being, and job performance in negative dimensions.


This study investigates stress levels and coping strategies among nurses in selected hospitals in North Central Nigeria.


The study employed a multistage sample technique method. The study design was descriptive and cross-sectional, using a quantitative strategy. Data analysis was carried out using descriptive and inferential study statistics.


Finding shows that the minimum age of the participants was 21–30 years, 87% were female, while 41.1% had 1-5 years of working experience. The study revealed that the highest signs and symptoms of stress experienced by the participants included aches and pain (57.5%) and anxiousness (52.5%). The participants experienced moderate stress. The findings revealed that years of experience (r= 0.631, p= 0.000) were observed to be significantly associated with signs and symptoms of stress. The results showed that age (r= -0.243, p= 0.045), religion (r= 0.165, p= 0.032), and experience of memory problems (r= 0.227, p= 0.003) were observed to show significant association with coping strategies.


Hence, a conducive work environment should be maintained to promote effective nursing care, while periodic stress assessments and management should be implemented by hospital administrators to aid positive coping strategies among nurses.

Keywords: Stress, Stress level, Coping strategies, Nurses, Signs and symptoms, Anxiousness.